Indian Journal of Child Health <p><strong>Indian Journal of Child Health (IJCH)</strong> is a monthly, peer-reviewed, international journal, published by <strong>Atharva Scientific Publications</strong> on behalf of Atharva Scientific Society, Bhopal, India. <strong>IJCH</strong> is both online and print, open access journal and it allows free access to its contents and permits authors to self-archive the final accepted version of their articles. The journal publishes articles covering various aspects of child health including basic research and clinical investigations in different fields of pediatrics covering perinatal and neonatal to adolescent age group.</p> Atharva Scientific Publications en-US Indian Journal of Child Health 2349-6118 Comparing the personal oral hygiene practices among Government and Private school children of Mahabubnagar, Telangana state - A cross sectional study <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Oral health is fundamental to general health and well-being. A healthy mouth enables an individual to talk, eat, and<br>socialize without experiencing active disease, discomfort, or embarrassment. <strong>Objectives:</strong> To assess the knowledge and oral hygiene<br>practices of school children from both Government and Private schools in Mahabubnagar district. <strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> A total<br>of 150 children aged 11–15 years were randomly selected from six Private and six Government schools. A questionnaire related<br>to their personal and oral hygiene practices was distributed to the school children. <strong>Results:</strong> The results of this study showed that<br>most respondents had a good knowledge of basic hygiene measures and positive attitude towards oral hygiene. The students of both<br>schools exhibited poor oral hygiene practices but were significantly reported more in the Government school than in the Private<br>schools (p&lt;0.005). Majority of the respondents (91.3%) used a commercial toothbrush and toothpaste and half of them (50%)<br>reported brushing twice a day. Two-third of the respondents (75%), had never visited a dental clinic. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> The results of the<br>present study showed that the knowledge and oral hygiene practices of Government school children were less satisfactory in some<br>aspects when compared to private school children.</p> Kola. Srikanth Reddy N. Venugopal Reddy M. Ajay Reddy P. Niharika V. Daneswari ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-19 2018-03-19 5 3 Clinical profile of recurrent headache in rural children of Rajasthan: A cross-sectional study <p><strong>Context:</strong> Recurrent headache is a commonly encountered clinical entity in rural children.<strong> Aims:</strong> This study aims to record the clinical profile of recurrent headache in rural children of Rajasthan. <strong>Settings and Design:</strong> A cross-sectional, observational study in a pediatric outpatient department of a tertiary care teaching hospital. <strong>Methods and Materials:</strong> A total of 164 children of either sex, between 5 and 17 years of age, presenting with complaints of a recurrent headache were included in the study. All relevant clinical details collected from patients and their relatives were recorded in a structured pro forma. A detailed examination was performed to rule out underlying problems associated with a headache. Headache subtypes were classified according to the International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd edition beta, 2013. Pediatric migraine disability assessment test score and Faces pain rating scale were utilized to assess the disability and severity, respectively. Statistical analysis involved summarizing the continuous variables as mean and standard deviation while nominal/categorical variables were expressed as percentages. <strong>Results:</strong> The mean age was 11.5 years and the M:F ratio was 1:1.1. Adolescents in 13–17 years age group constituted 61.5% (n=101) of the study sample with 58.4% (n=59) female subjects. Primary headaches - tension-type headache (n=77, 46.9%), migraine (n=43, 26.2%), and new daily persistent headache (n=5, 3%) were observed in 125 (76.1%) cases. Common causes of secondary headache were somatization disorder (n=27, 16.5%), ophthalmic problems (n=7, 4.3%), medication overuse (n=3, 1.9%), intracranial tumor (n=1, 0.6), and postictal (n=1, 0.6). <strong>Conclusions:</strong> Recurrent headache in rural children has distinct etiological profile which mandates a meticulous evaluation for initiating appropriate management.</p> Jagdish Prasad Agrawal Masand Rupesh Grover Nidhi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-19 2018-03-19 5 3 Association of Hirschsprung disease with Waardenburg syndrome and role of gene studies: A review of 2 cases <p><strong>Background:</strong> Waardenburg-Shah syndrome type 4 is an association of Waardenburg syndrome with Hirsch sprung disease. Three disease-causing genes have been identified so far: Endothelin receptor type B encoding the endothelia-B receptor, EDN3 encoding an endothelia receptor ligand and Sry-like HMG bOX10 (SOX10) encoding the SOX10 transcription factor. <strong>Case Report:</strong> This is a review of 2 cases with variable onset of presentation and extent of aganglionic segment. <strong>Intervention/Outcome:</strong> In case 1, primary pull-through, as definitive surgical correction was done as a single procedure, whereas in case 2, required ileostomy with a plan of definitive surgery later on. <strong>Message:</strong> Mutation studies are helpful in characterization of the syndrome and counseling to the family. Furthermore, prognosis depends on the length of the ganglionic segment.</p> Niraj Kumar Dipak Siddharth Parab Amol Nage Abnish Kumar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-03-19 2018-03-19 5 3