Incidence of early-onset neonatal sepsis in relation to prolonged rupture of membranes

  • R Rama Krishna Paramahamsa
  • S Surya Veera Kumar
  • Sowmya Thayi
  • T Jaya Chandra

Abstract

Background: Prolonged rupture of membrane (PROM) is an important risk factor for early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) and preterm births. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of EONS in relation to PROM of more than 18 h. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in a medical college in South India. All the neonates born to mothers with a history of PROM for >18 h were included in this study. Sepsis was diagnosed by clinical signs and symptoms and positive blood culture. Results: A total of 200 neonates were included in the study. Among these, confirmed sepsis was diagnosed in 18% (29); statistically, there was no significant difference (p>0.05). A high incidence of sepsis was found in neonates born by normal vaginal (68.5%) delivery. There was no significant difference between incidence of sepsis and duration of PROM; the range was 18–72 h. Conclusion: Sepsis was diagnosed to be less in neonates born to mothers who had prenatal antibiotics.

Keywords: Neonates, Prolonged rupture of membrane, Sepsis
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How to Cite
Paramahamsa, R. R. K., Kumar, S. S. V., Thayi, S., & Chandra, T. J. ( ). Incidence of early-onset neonatal sepsis in relation to prolonged rupture of membranes. Indian Journal of Child Health, 6(10), 552-554. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32677/IJCH.2019.v06.i10.009
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Original Articles