Clinical profile of dengue patients: A hospital based study

  • Vinod Chaudhary
  • Anil Khamkar
  • Manish Tiwari
  • Amol Suryawanshi

Abstract

Context: For most of the patients, dengue is a self-limiting viral fever, but in some patients, it results in a life threatening condition
called as dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome. Objective: We attempted to determine the common and atypical
clinical and laboratory features in children suffering from dengue fever, which will help in early diagnosis and management of patients
suffering from dengue infection. Design: Hospital based descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted from January 2014 to December
2014. Setting: Tertiary referral teaching hospital. Patients: All patients between 1-month and 12 years admitted in pediatric ward with
symptoms suggestive of dengue and who turn out to be positive for NS1 antigen alone or NS1 and immunoglobulin M antibody against
dengue were included in the study. Data regarding relevant history and clinical examination and outcome and relevant investigations
were collected. Results: Of 250 children included in the study, 145 (58%) were male and 105 (42%) were female. The most common
presenting complaint was fever (92.8%), followed by abdominal pain (46.4%). The most common clinical sign was pyrexia followed
by relative bradycardia (37.6%) and hypotension (26.4%). On laboratory investigation, the most common abnormality detected was
leucopenia (81.6%) followed by thrombocytopenia (69.2%). Conclusion: A high index of suspicion is required on the part of treating
pediatrician to diagnose dengue early and treat accordingly to prevent mortality due to dengue.

Keywords: Atypical manifestations, Children, Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Dengue infection, Dengue shock syndrome
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How to Cite
Chaudhary, V., Khamkar, A., Tiwari, M., & Suryawanshi, A. (2017). Clinical profile of dengue patients: A hospital based study. Indian Journal of Child Health, 2(3), 126-128. Retrieved from https://atharvapub.net/IJCH/article/view/575
Section
Short Communication