Correlation of acute physiological parameters with immediate outcome among neonates transported to special care newborn unit: A prospective study

  • Nirbhay Mehta
  • Manish Kumar Sharma

Abstract

Background: Several sick neonates require transfer to tertiary level care neonatal unit for treatment. The facilities of neonatal
transport in India are not optimal and the newborn thus transported can become hypothermic, hypoxic, and/or hypoglycemic
which can affect the neonatal outcome. These parameters can be maintained during transport by adopting simple measures. Aim:
Study impact of acute physiological parameters during transfer of neonates on their immediate outcome by using TOPS score.
TOPS Score -temperature, oxygensaturation, perfusion (assessed by capillary refill time), blood Sugar. Materials and Methods:
This prospective observational study was conducted at the special care newborn unit, Indore enrolling 513 transported neonates.
TOPS scoring for each neonate was done at admission, and then the parameters of the TOPS score were correlated with the
outcome at 48 h of admission. Results: A total of 513 transported newborns were assessed, 48.73% newborns were hypothermic,
33.91% had poor perfusion, 28.46% were hypoxemic, and 22.22% were hypoglycemic. Hypoxemia and hypoglycemia had the
highest sensitivity (93.39% and 80.18%, respectively) while hypoglycemia had the highest specificity (92.87%). Conclusion:
TOPS score is a useful and easy to use the method to assess the physiological status and predict early mortality in transported
neonates.

Keywords: Mortality, Neonatal transport, Outcome, Temperature, Oxygen saturation, Perfusion score
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How to Cite
Mehta, N., & Sharma, M. (2018). Correlation of acute physiological parameters with immediate outcome among neonates transported to special care newborn unit: A prospective study. Indian Journal of Child Health, 5(4), 280-283. Retrieved from https://atharvapub.net/IJCH/article/view/869
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Original Articles